# Mathematics Formulas And Shortcut

## Mathematics Formulas And Shortcut PDF

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1. Which is greater than 4?

(a) 5,

(b) -5,

(c) -1/2,

(d) -25.

Solution:

5 greater than 4.

2. Which is the smallest?

(a) -1,

(b) -1/2,

(c) 0,

(d) 3.

Solution:

The smallest number is -1.

3. Combine terms: 12a + 26b -4b – 16a.

(a) 4a + 22b,

(b) -28a + 30b,

(c) -4a + 22b,

(d) 28a + 30b.

Solution:

12a + 26b -4b – 16a.

= 12a – 16a + 26b – 4b.

= -4a + 22b.

4. Simplify: (4 – 5) – (13 – 18 + 2).

(a) -1,

(b) –2,

(c) 1,

(d) 2.

Solution:

(4 – 5) – (13 – 18 + 2).

= -1-(13+2-18).

= -1-(15-18).

= -1-(-3).

= -1+3.

= 2.

5. What is |-26|?

(a) -26,

(b) 26,

(c) 0,

(d) 1

Solution:

|-26|

= 26.

6. Multiply: (x – 4)(x + 5)

(a) x2 + 5x – 20,

(b) x2 – 4x – 20,

(c) x2 – x – 20,

(d) x2 + x – 20.

Solution:

(x – 4)(x + 5).

= x(x + 5) -4(x + 5).

= x2 + 5x – 4x – 20.

= x2 + x – 20.

7. Factor: 5×2 – 15x – 20.

(a) 5(x-4)(x+1),

(b) -2(x-4)(x+5),

(c) -5(x+4)(x-1),

(d) 5(x+4)(x+1).

Solution:

5×2 – 15x – 20.

= 5(x2 – 3x – 4).

= 5(x2 – 4x + x – 4).

= 5{x(x – 4) +1(x – 4)}.

= 5(x-4)(x+1).

8. Factor: 3y(x – 3) -2(x – 3).

(a) (x – 3)(x – 3),

(b) (x – 3)2,

(c) (x – 3)(3y – 2),

(d) 3y(x – 3).
Solution:

3y(x – 3) -2(x – 3).

= (x – 3)(3y – 2).

9. Solve for x: 2x – y = (3/4)x + 6.

(a) (y + 6)/5,

(b) 4(y + 6)/5,

(c) (y + 6),

(d) 4(y – 6)/5.

Solution:

2x – y = (3/4)x + 6.

or, 2x – (3/4)x = y + 6.

or, (8x -3x)/4 = y + 6.

or, 5x/4 = y + 6.

or, 5x = 4(y + 6).

or, 5x = 4y + 24.

or, x = (4y + 24)/5.

Therefore, x = 4(y + 6)/5.

10. Simplify:(4×2 – 2x) – (-5×2 – 8x).

Solution:

(4×2 – 2x) – (-5×2 – 8x)

= 4×2 – 2x + 5×2 + 8x.

= 4×2 + 5×2 – 2x + 8x.

= 9×2 + 6x.

= 3x(3x + 2).

11. Find the value of 3 + 2 • (8 – 3)

(a) 25,

(b) 13,

(c) 17,

(d) 24,

(e) 15.

Solution:

3 + 2 • (8 – 3)

= 3 + 2 (5)

= 3 + 2 × 5

= 3 + 10

= 13

12. Rice weighing 33/4 pounds was divided equally and placed in 4 containers. How many ounces of rice were in each?

Solution:

33/4 ÷ 4 pounds.

= (4 × 3 + 3)/4 ÷ 4 pounds.

= 15/4 ÷ 4 pounds.

= 15/4 × 1/4 pounds.

= 15/16 pounds.

Now we know that, 1 pound = 16 ounces.

Therefore, 15/16 pounds = 15/16 × 16 ounces.

= 15 ounces.

13. Factor: 16w3 – u4w3

Solution:

16w3 – u4w3.

= w3(16 – u4).

= w3(42 – ((u2)2).

= w3(4 + u2)(4 – u2).

= w3(4 + u2)(22 – u2).

= w3(4 + u2)(2 + u)(2 – u).

Answer: w3(4 + u2)(2 + u)(2 – u).

14. Factor: 3x4y3 – 48y3.

Solution:

3x4y3– 48y3.

= 3y3(x4 – 16).

= 3y3[(x2)2 – 42].

= 3y3(x2 + 4)(x2 – 4).

= 3y3(x2 + 4)(x2 – 22).

= 3y3(x2 + 4)(x + 2)(x -2).

Answer: 3y3(x2 + 4)(x + 2)(x -2)

15. What is the radius of a circle that has a circumference of 3.14 meters?

Solution:

Circumference of a circle = 2πr.

Given, circumference = 3.14 meters.

Therefore,

2πr = Circumference of a circle

or, 2πr = 3.14.

or, 2 × 3.14r = 3.14,[Putting the value of pi (π) = 3.14].

or, 6.28r = 3.14.

or, r = 3.14/6.28.

or, r = 0.5.

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